Ansible vmware inventory example

ansible vmware inventory example conf line=nameserver 8. Browse and download code samples from VMware as well as code samples contributed by the VMware community. Ansible for VMware Scenarios¶. 65. While using Ansible with the VMware modules is not overly complex. The inventory hostname of host should be the server name as per wiki, for example stapp01 for app server 1 in Stratos DC. ansible, ansible roles, ansible role, ansible roles explained, create ansible roles, how to create ansible roles, what is ansible roles, understanding ansible roles, ansible examples, ansible roles with examples, ansible documentation, Support Us: Share with your friends and groups. It means the world to me if you show your appreciation and you'll help pay the server costs. Ansible playbooks are files that contain tasks that configure hosts with Ansible. In this way, those hosts or groups can be used as target in next plays in same playbook. In the vmware_inventory. VMware RHV OpenStack OpenShift +more Understanding Inventory An example Ansible Playbook. So I thought I would put together a very simple crash course on getting starting with Vmware infrastructure deployment using ansible Disclaimer: I'm new to ansible and couldn't find an answer here, here or here. vmware_vm_inventory strict: False hostname: 10. For a little while now I’ve been playing around with Ansible and exploring its VMware modules. Let’s see how to use Ansible Tower to manage our Windows servers. project structure (ansible best practice). yml . yml, vmware. 警告 The removal VMware virtual machine using vmware_guest module is destructive operation and can not be reverted, so it is strongly recommended to take the backup of virtual I'm trying to get Ansible integration working with hostVariables. When it comes to Ansible inventory most of us are probably more familiar using the standard INI method. VMware Tools are how vCenter populates metadata about the VM, including the IP address of the VM itself. Not only is this inventory configurable, but you can also use multiple inventory files at the same time and pull inventory from dynamic or cloud sources or different formats (YAML, ini, etc), as described in Working With Dynamic Inventory. I had come across the scenario where the playbook needs to update tower inventory after provisioning cloud instance. A full list and instructions can be found here. 223. vmware_guest module tries to mimick VMware Web UI and workflow, so the virtual machine must be in powered off state in order to remove it from the VMware inventory. py as an external dependency. Automation tools don’t have to be competitive, great things can be achieved when you combine great tools together and collaborate. I could run the job from Example 3 above in parallel using the Ansible ad-hoc mode: $ ansible all -m command -a 'yum --enablerepo=rhel-7-server-rpms install git' Ansible modules execute tasks. I have tried this string and it does not filter the correct hosts. The following shows a sample inventory file with two groups defined and a total of six network devices: [core-switches] dc-core-1 dc-core-2 [leaf-switches] leaf1 leaf2 leaf3 leaf4 How to create snapshots with Ansible (VMware) Posted by: admin | on May 25, 2021 Okay, so lots of folks ask me about this, and there are a number of ways you can do this. Update the corresponding host variables; use hosts_var/dellos10_sw1. Python version; Inventory. VMware does not provide support for Ansible or for the playbook presented in this example. In this model the Ansible playbook can be application-specific rather than server role-specific. ansible -m lineinfile -a "path=/etc/resolv. It includes the creation of multiple users using the user module, installing multiple packages using apt or yum module or changing permissions on several files or folders using the file module. Ansible can work with multiple servers at the same time but the challenge is how to classify the servers. Comments 0. se username: administrator@vsphere. Simply create another inventory file i. You could create an executable binary, a script, or anything else that can be run and will output JSON to stdout, and Ansible will call it with the argument --list The inventory script for VMware was updated in Ansible Tower 3. While we do use these services to host our servers, not all servers that are present should be ansible’d, and more importantly, not all variables that ansible needs will be obtainable from those Ansible Tower v3. Given below are the examples of ansible dynamic inventory: As this is an advance feature in Ansible, we will use a very useful and common inventory plugin named aws_ec2. py Example. vRA and Ansible Example Integration The scope of devices is determined by what is called an Ansible inventory file; the inventory could have one device or a thousand devices. Hi all, We've added a Ansible Tower integration to vRA8 and so far so good. I had come across the scenario where the playbook needs to update tower inventory after provisioning cloud instance. cfg file to find the inventory file in other location rather than the default inventory file /etc/ansible/hosts. 0. One to provide some basic Windows services such as DNS and Active Directory. . To use these inventory plugins, credentials need to be added that can query the source platform. enable_plugins = vmware_vm_inventory. 33. It is suggested that you define groups based on purpose of the host (roles) and also geography or datacenter location (if applicable): Sign in to be able to add comments. 5. This is the default location used by Ansible when a custom inventory file is not provided with the -i option, during a playbook or command execution. It provides GUI control, Kerberos authentication, and scheduling features. An ad-hoc command is a single Ansible task to perform quickly, but don’t want to save for later. 7 release to address that. com ansible_connection=ssh ansible_port=22. But a action to add the vm to the inventory is triggered before the vm is If you want to execute the playbook remotely, you will need to configure another Ansible inventory. 168. In this example, ansible. Create a ansible playbook to create DNS records. For example, [gatewayed] foo ansible_host=192. cfg configuration file). general . Introduced in version 2. This comes in handy when creating the playbook to update them. I remember the days where I used to struggle with Vmware workstation (or) virtual box to setup… this is where we can include more information using inventory parameters. Inventory is the list of nodes that can be managed by Ansible. Ansible inventory file can be created using YAML or INI format. It can be a virtual machine, a container or your laptop. In this article, we are going to see how to use Vagrant to create a development of Virtual machines and start practising Ansible. Bootstrapping BSD ¶. Type: ansible The ansible Packer provisioner runs Ansible playbooks. example. py . Starting with Ansible 2. ini file to be generated that looks like the following: [vmware] cache_max_age = 0 username = <username> password = <password> server = <vcenter> validate_certs = False host_filters = {{ config. Inventory data from the source! Generate accurate Static or Dynamic inventory lists for use with Ansible! The Ansible-Device42 Static Inventory Script can be used to create and pre-populate an inventory file based on Device42’s Configuration Items for use by Ansible. Information about the guest operating system is available in VirtualCenter. (note: Cobbler was originally written by Michael DeHaan and is now led by James Cammarata, who also works for Ansible, Inc). If this file is not encrypted, we can simply list all hosts in it like below: Ansible add_host is an Ansible module which enables us to add hosts and groups dynamically in the in-memory inventory of Ansible playbook during its execution. py into it, as well as the inventory scripts. ini, vmware_inventory. example. We're seeing increased interest in folks of having VMware inventory lately, I think to date a lot of VMware was in the "I'm going to ask for an IP from IT" mode, so very glad to see this change and more folks (non-Ansible-specific-comment) treat it more like a cloud service. VMWARE, OPERATORS, Ansible 2. 0. uk SUMMARY Nowadays we are moving towards connection plugins and inventory-based connection information. For more information on Ansible's inventory, see: How to build your inventory. The example can be expanded with new playbooks and options to create complex workflows that deploy thousands of VMs and configure them to run whatever applications you need at rapid speed. VMware. Here in this example, we have our default inventory file /etc/ansible/hosts. This is a simple script which lets you use VMWare vCenter as a dynamic inventory for Ansible. For this we create a source file named demo_aws_ec2. Ansible Tower offers various REST API to integrate with other tools. Uses any file which ends with vmware. 223. This was just a simple introduction into automation with Ansible and using it to deploy VMware virtual machines from existing templates. [group1] host1 ansible_host=192. In this example, the inventory includes each network device’s IP, OS, and SSH user. After responding with the appropriate vault passphrase, Ansible goes to work, and in a couple of minutes a brand new virtual machine is ready to take on new roles. com db. How to create snapshots with Ansible (VMware) Posted by: admin | on May 25, 2021 Okay, so lots of folks ask me about this, and there are a number of ways you can do this. If Ansible sees a hosts file in the directory from where you are working it will use that instead of the Install VMware NSX-T Ansible Modules. It supports work with devices with Python v2. Ansible inventory plugins allow you to define the data sources used to compile an inventory of hosts that Ansible uses to target tasks. I would like to give you two small examples of how to use Ansible. yaml. Note: You can pass Ansible variables in the inventory file . raw_ssh_args (array of strings) - require Ansible to apply a list of OpenSSH client options. local password: Esxi@123$% validate_certs: False properties : - 'name' - 'guest. 31 username : [email protected] password : [email protected] $% validate_certs : False with_tags : True Uses any file which ends with vmware. Ansible-cmdb can read your inventory file (hosts, by default), inventory directory or dynamic inventory and extract useful information from it such as: All the groups a host belongs to. We will create playbooks and run Ansible commands on the ansible-controller node and manage the users on remote hosts. Ansible version in the example is 2. Set /opt/my-ens/vm-tags/ as ansible environment. 4. Even ad hoc actions performed on the localhost require an inventory, though that inventory may just consist of the localhost. projectName} Other than that ansible works on the target machines. Ansible supports a variety of operating systems as its control machine. The DataLoader can read files, auto load JSON/YAML and decrypt vaulted data, and cache read files. For example: Manage VMware Guests Using Ansible. These data sources are accessed by using either the -i /path/to/file or the -i 'host1, host2' command line parameters, or from other configuration sources. 3. example. 2. 168. yaml as a YAML configuration file. When it comes to simplicity, Ansible is rapidly rising to the top in the world of automation tools. 10, just like ansible-2. tags feature added in vSphere 6. The scripts rely on lib. ansible-playbook backup-router. example. Ansible is an open-source automation tool that can automate IT tasks such as configuration management, application deployment, interservice orchestration, and provisioning. If this were a Windows server, the inventory parameter would be: web1 ansible_host=web1. These examples are extracted from open source projects. Example #1. It is expected that many Ansible users with a reasonable amount of physical hardware may also be Cobbler users. The vmware_vm_inventory script takes in the same authentication information as any VMware module. conf" demoservers > /tmp/ouput_file cat /tmp/ouput_file Make Configuration Changes on Node. 33. py refers to these values when executing sample vmware. Ansible Vagrant Example - Introduction to Ansible and Vagrant. Example. Groups of hosts form your Ansible inventory. py; Configure Inventory on Tower using the generate_ansInv. 168. Ansible's inventory consists of all the end nodes or target hosts that can be managed by the Ansible host, which is also known as the Ansible controller. Ansible Tower expects that your inventory is dynamic, and always obtainable from a remote source like Amazon EC2’s API, or from a VMware Cluster. Since Ansible makes it easy to create JSON files, this can be easily manipulated for other interesting tasks, say an HTML static page. As mentioned above, you can bootstrap Ansible with the raw module and remotely install Python on targets. Ansible Playbook, Role, Answerfile and Inventory Multiple tasks related to a single matter can be grouped in a role: I created a deploy-vsphere-template role which will be called by my playbook. 1. How to Run a playbook as a different remote user, How to run an ansible playbook or task as a root user. Additionally for an in-depth understanding $ ansible {host-pattern} -i /<path_of_inventory_file> –list-hosts. Sign in to be able to add comments. Ansible provides few ways by which you can use the information related to your target machines, these ways include Ansible Facts, Magic Variables, and ansible documentation: Group variables with static inventory. Install Ansible Within the Ansible Tower/AWX gui I have created an inventory with a source to poll my VMWare vCenter instance for hosts. yml python inventory/dyn. playbook. [inventory] # enable inventory plugins, default: 'host_list', 'script', 'yaml', 'ini', 'auto' enable_plugins = vmware_vm_inventory then create a vmware. Setting up the auto-inventory Ansible script: Create a working directory. Lets do a change in ansible. Example: ['-o ControlMaster=no']. Ansible AWX Dynamic inventory initially works great and creates host groups based on the AWS tags assigned to the ec2 hosts in an AWS account. Ansible Sudo or Ansible become Introduction Ansible Sudo or become is a method to run a particular task in a playbook with Special Privileges like root user or some other user. 17. change from DEV to PROD and then re-run source sync in AWX, i find that it pulls in the new tag/group but does not remove the original tag First, identify an Ansible control machine to run Ansible on. This will be used if a hosts file isn’t present in the working directory. address. Red Hat Ansible Tower is a great automation platform for managing and configuring Microsoft Windows servers. Example. The inventory_hostname is always the ‘Name’ and UUID of the virtual machine. Ansible loop is used to repeat any task or a part of code multiple times in an Ansible-playbook. malhoit. yaml, vmware_vm_inventory. io [development:vars] ansible_host: 192. You can achieve this via VNC or via the Web Console. If you have tags defined for VMs in your environment define it as true, Ansible with result vmlist with tags as groups, I don't have tags and I commented it. Comments 0. The following example installs Python 2. Go to Inventory and create a new Inventory and give a name and hit Save. What am I missing? hostVariables: | message: Hello ${env. Ansible will try to use the list of enabled inventory plugins, in order, against each inventory source provided. aws. 31 username: administrator@vsphere. 3. Sitting waiting for the cache to update was a real pain, now i don’t even need the cache. com two. VMware inventory. vmware. We can use lineinfile module to edit files on remote nodes. play. yml -i inventories/test --ask-vault-pass. 100. 2. 223. So I don't think there will be many problems that can rise to release-blocking status. project/ group_vars/ development inventory. example. Copy the file lib. Here’s an example of a valid inventory file: plugin : vmware_vm_inventory strict : False hostname : 10. 2 to allow configuration of the host_filters or groupby_patterns parameter. UUID is added as VMware allows virtual machines with the same name. Here is an example of how an Ansible inventory file looks like: [local] server1 server2 Ansible - Generating Host/Groups YAML file July 3, 2015 3 minute read . I am trying to only import CentOS or RHEL systems from VMware into Tower/AWX. I remember the days where I used to struggle with Vmware workstation (or) virtual box to setup… This article is an introduction to different Ansible modules, which can be used to manage various VMware objects in VMware infrastructure. Update the inventory. All hosts in the ‘raleigh’ group will have the variables defined in these files available to them. 9, VMWare properties have changed from lower case to camelCase. And for those of us who have had the luxury of maintaing these INI inventories in massive scale learn to really despise this format for one reason or another. Episode 12 - June 10 - Real-world Ansible Next, you can set values for many of the variables you needed in your first Ansible command in the inventory, so you can skip them in the ansible-playbook command. replace values in vmware_inventory. There are some plugins available to automatically generate inventory files by interacting with most cloud providers’ APIs. If you need help with setting up vRealize Automation 7 take a look at the guide here. Examples. Requirements ¶ The below requirements are needed on the local controller node that executes this inventory. An example with the ‘raleigh’ group: /etc/ansible/group_vars/raleigh/db_settings /etc/ansible/group_vars/raleigh/cluster_settings. You can vote up the ones you like or vote down the ones you don't like, and go to the original project or source file by following the links above each example. This is A Beginner article for both Ansible and Vagrant. (note: Cobbler was originally written by Michael DeHaan and is now led by James Cammarata, who also works for Ansible, Inc). Way back in March of 2015, I wrote a post about managing VMware guests with the vsphere_guest module. I bookmarked a link to a blog article that was posted on NetApp. In this example, following internal IT process, the first step is to create a ticket for a new VM. local password: Esxi@123$% validate_certs: False with_tags: True # Gather minimum set of properties for VMware guest plugin: community. com [site1:children] webservers dbservers Examples. com app2. 7. Learn different ways to use variables in ansible playbook. malhoit. . yml or . SUMMARY vmware_moid: new lookup plugin to get MOID for vSphere objects using vCenter REST API. vmware. These modules are different from community. which have below contents. vmware. 0, but it will work on lower versions too. com bar. Search for and select for your credential with read permission in Vcenter. Groups example: The ansible-3. Notes: all- gathers all properties, For example firewall rules - each Ansible sudo - ansible become example. jonasdahlgen. Host variables. The default location of inventory is a file called ' /etc/ansible/hosts '. yml or vmware. I remember the days where I used to struggle with Vmware workstation (or) virtual box to setup… How to create snapshots with Ansible (VMware) Posted by: admin | on May 25, 2021 Okay, so lots of folks ask me about this, and there are a number of ways you can do this. I am a noob at Ansible so please forgive my ignorance. I wrote a VMware dynamic inventory plugin for Ansible - . To check the disk space, to check the hostname, to validate if the file is present or not, Run the command or script when a file exists or does not exist. Play(). Examples #1. Specifying Inventory sources; Use of multiple tags; Other caveats; Modules. org is the name in my host file, "msg": "8088bc73d8cf:172. Go into the directory of the machine you are interested in and open up the file vra_user_host_vars. Also, I know that I can group by the config. g. Click sources and create a new source. 0 release will be based on ansible-base-2. yaml as a YAML configuration file. com ansible_connection=ssh ansible_user=mpdehaan other2. You need a loop, you can do that with with_items: in Ansible -- See examples of Ansible modules and learn how to automate everyday tasks. 1. py - an old one based on pysphere; vmware_inventory. Given below is the command syntax or sample to run an ansible playbook. The examples I used were around using Ansible to configure Linux nodes. 10 is. I am using Ansible 2. The example playbook is designed for use with CentOS 7. The collection includes the VMware modules and plugins supported by Ansible VMware community to help the management of VMware infrastructure. In Ansible, we have static and dynamic inventory. I can put host specific variables in separate var files, but I would love to keep them in my inventory file "attached" to a host. It’s used for automation of configuration and OS setup. For example, if you execute Ansible with admin user make sure that this user is logged in. A file can be created to define a host or a group of hosts known as inventory. Using Ansible for Managing VMware vSphere Infrastructure January 15, 2020 08:31PM On this second part article of after How to install Ansible on Linux for vSphere configuration , I have written here 2 Ansible playbook files (play tasks created) to configure VMWare ESXi servers. Now, as you have gained some expertise on the ansible provisioning with vagrant. Ansible supports all these options via an external inventory system. Browse other questions tagged ansible vmware-vcenter ansible-playbook json parsing or ask your own question. yaml as a YAML configuration file. Based on all my research I was expecting foo and bar to be part of hostvars. com ansible_host=192. This command runs the Ansible module “win_ping” on every server in the “windows” inventory group. By default, this option is disabled and Vagrant generates an inventory based on the Vagrantfile information. Ansible-Examples git:(master) cat ansible_hosts [webservers] mwivmweb01 mwivmweb02 Here is the customized Ansible inventory file with two hosts grouped as webservers. 10 so they won't actually be regressions. You can find them, they all start with vmware_ (you can find the list on the official Ansible documentation, VMware section). It dynamically creates an Ansible inventory file configured to use SSH, runs an SSH server, executes ansible-playbook, and marshals Ansible plays through the SSH server to the machine being provisioned by Packer. yaml file to configure the device IP. foo. 2 ansible_ssh_port=22 [group2] host2 ansible_host=192. Login to Ansible server. For example, the host ip address is ansible_eth0. After the image is booted it will create a host entry in my AAP inventory based on the DHCP IP that was pulled. 1. # check all my inventory hosts are ready to be # managed by Ansible $ ansible all -m ping # collect and display the discovered facts # for the localhost $ ansible localhost -m setup # run the uptime command on all hosts in the # web group > Iam new to Ansible and I am trying to create a playbook to change the > state of a bulk of Virtual Machines in Vmware. Create a smart inventory with host filter: ansible_facts. io (The Pub) that guides you through installing Ansible, updating NetApp Modules, understanding Playbooks, creating your first playbook, and lastly a complete workflow example. Next these variables need to be flattened to the host level. 7. This post shows you how to write a custom inventory plugin for Ansible. a. 5 hours duration. aws_ec2 EC2 inventory source amazon. Here is a sample blueprint. py -l targethost my_playbook. example_hosts A trivial example of an Ansible Inventory Plugin resource "ansible_host" "example" { inventory_hostname = "www. Consider sponsoring me on Github. 65. I wrote a few posts recently covering how to install Ansible on a Centos machine, and create an Ansible playbook. Currently, plugin groups VMs based on Tags and Power state of virtual machines. The following are 17 code examples for showing how to use ansible. 8. g. I quickly realised there were very little examples out on the web for the VMware administrator. Googleing and searching the doc When the blueprint is deployed, the VM resources get added dynamically to the Ansible server inventory file and the playbook executed. Upon installation, Ansible creates an inventory file that is typically located at /etc/ansible/hosts. 9, refer to the primary documentation for hostvars from VMWare inventory imports. The group [special] contains my Ansible Control Node itself and my KVM hypervisor, where my Ansible Control Node runs. Guest operating system information reflects the last known state of the virtual machine. See full list on medium. Sorry for hijacking issue but just wanted to point out that you can do this using Patterns with Ansible. The inventory file you can use for this Ansible playbook example looks like below. The ansible. I'm looking to take a vCenter and extract the inventory tree, so I know all the datacenters in the vCenter, which clusters are in each datacenter and which VMs are in each cluster, but I can az vm create --resource-group ansible-inventory-test-rg \ --name ansible-inventory-test-vm2 \ --image UbuntuLTS --generate-ssh-keys Tag a VM You can use tags to organize your Azure resources by user-defined categories. Ansible Inventory files maintain a list of the hosts which you want to configure or manage with Ansible. com [dbservers] one. It is expected that many Ansible users with a reasonable amount of physical hardware may also be Cobbler users. It shows the invocation of the same functions as used in the flatten_variables module later. In order to see the host_vars that were configured in previous deployments you can go to the ansible control machine and navigate to /etc/ansible/host_vars and you will see the IP addresses of the machines deployed. Specify those values in the Source Variables text field of the Create Group screen or Edit Group screen. 2. 100. Inventory file contains descriptions of your devices. 2. example. Variables in playbook are used via vars keyword, inventory file, host_vars and group_vars directory. #inventory = /etc/ansible/hosts Introduction to Ansible Loop. # Sample configuration file for VMware Guest dynamic inventory plugin: community. The contrib/inventory directory already contains some of these including options for EC2/Eucalyptus, Rackspace Cloud, and OpenStack. . To print a default message on the output of running a playbook via ansible-playbook, we can create Last month, I decided it was time to get my hands dirty and jump right into learning some Ansible Automation with NetApp. I remember the days where I used to struggle with Vmware workstation (or) virtual box to setup… Ansible will accept any kind of executable file as an inventory file, so you can build your own dynamic inventory however you like, as long as you can pass it to Ansible as JSON. If you would like to use Ansible programmatically from a language other than Python, trigger events asynchronously, or have access control and logging demands, please see the Ansible Tower documentation . aws. In this article, we are going to see how to use Vagrant to create a development of Virtual machines and start practising Ansible. In this article, we are going to see how to use Vagrant to create a development of Virtual machines and start practising Ansible. When defining Terraform vsphere_virtual_machine resource use the custom_configuration_parameters block to set Ansible parameters. py takes 60secs to run on 20 hosts, where as my code will take 1-2secs for 140 hosts 🙂. py dynamic inventory script with Ansible to generate an inventory based on my VMware guests. aws_rds rds instance source auto Loads and executes an inventory plugin specified in a YAML config ( ) zedr. development [development] dev. g. This will This document gives a basic overview and examples of the Ansible execution and playbook API. 4 and higher installed through Ansible ad hoc command examples. But you can create the inventory file with any name and can call it using -i <path-to-inventory-file> while running the playbooks. a static inventory file, a dynamic inventory script or even multiple inventories stored in the same directory). Log in to Sample Exchange using your MyVMware credentials to submit requests for new samples, contribute your own samples, as well as propose a sample as a solution for open requests. According to GitHub, it's the second most forked Collection 1 , just after community. yaml. I wrote a cutdown version of the Ansible VMware Dynamic Inventory script based off a vSphere Python SDK example. yml, or vmware_vm_inventory. The flatten_test. Azure, Rackspace) or run a local one with VirtualBox, VMware, I see that Ansible provide some pre-defined variables that we can use in playbooks and template files. Check below the different files I created for my need: Step 1 — Creating a Custom Inventory File. App-test-web-deploy is the playbook that connects to VMWare and creates a linked clone of a Centos8 image. py doesn’t appear to do anything with the contrib directory, where the dynamic inventory scripts live. βε Nov 14 '20 at 18:01 As you can see, I grouped the hosts on my network by the package manager they use. As usual, this is not a deep dive. The list of Ansible modules taking advantage from pyvmomi is quite impressive. Add App Server 3 in this inventory along with required variables that are needed to make it work. The default location of the Ansible inventory file is defined in the Ansible account as added on the Integrations page in Cloud Assembly. Modules removed; Deprecation notices Example - Ansible Tower + VMC. Learn how users of the HashiCorp stack can use Ansible to achieve their goals of an automated enterprise—through complimentary security, image management, post provisioning configuration, and integrated end to end automation solutions. Ansible Organization and Inventory Script configured using SovLabs’ vra. See full list on cloudautomation. example. 1 ansible_user: dev ansible_pass: pass ansible_port: 2232 [api:children] development Ansible Custom Inventory Plugin - a hands-on, quick start guide 16 Nov 2019. Code: plugin: aws_ec2 regions: ap-south These include the cloud examples mentioned earlier as well as VMware vCenter, Red Hat OpenStack Platform and Red Hat Satellite. example. pyvmomiと AnsibleのDynamic Inventory 2. Pass dynamic inventory to ansible-playbook:. The following shows a sample inventory file with two groups defined and a total of six network devices: [core-switches] dc-core-1 dc-core-2 [leaf-switches] leaf1 leaf2 leaf3 leaf4 Introduction to Ansible Inventory As you might know that while we use Ansible, we must create files like inventory file, Playbooks, Variable files, etc. defined in an ansible. annotation parameter but would like to avoid that if VMware Sample Exchange. While setting up Ansible environment, you need to classify the hosts as much a possible using the ansible inventory. e hosts-2 and at playbook runtime use the -i flag to tell Ansible to use that inventory e. Example Basic Usage. From there, a new Ansible module, taking advantage of this python API, you have much more possibilities. The VMware modules and plugins for Ansible have benefited from a stream of contributions from dozens of users. app1. ansible -m command -a "cat /etc/resolv. Variables in playbook are used via vars keyword, inventory file, host_vars and group_vars directory. 2" is Ansible recap output. Give it a name and select Sourced from a project as a sources. example. 65. local password: Esxi@123$% validate_certs: False with_tags: True See full list on ugurakgul. Here the host group name is webservers and it is mentioned in the hosts: directive on the playbook. ipv4. I ran into some issues with Ansible 2. 1 bar ansible_host=192. yaml for device credentials. This article will show you how to work with Ansible playbooks, variables, inventory files, and some common Ansible modules with practical examples. example. It can configure systems, deploy software and orchestrate advanced IT tasks such as continuous deployments or zero downtime rolling updates. Most common modules used for file and directory management are: Lineinfile (module that checks if a particular line is in a file, modifies or adds a new line ) File (this module sets rights to files and directories) Copy (copies files from local machine to specific managed nodes) EXAMPLE: Ansible Copy Module Here we have an Ansible control server named ansible-controller and two remotes hosts named host- one and host-two. This article will look at how to deploy vSphere virtual machines using Ansible. This playbook can be integrated as part of server provisioning workflow to speed up the build process. 3. In my example, optimus and bumblebee are both Red Hat hosts while jazz is an Ubuntu host. 4 How to build an Ansible inventory file in JSON format is shown in this article. Afterwards, the inventory plugins can be used as a source for an inventory in Ansible Tower. Here, db. 168. template != 'templates' }} [properties] prop01=name prop02=instanceUuid I'm not clear on how to iterate through a list of hosts and pass the correct values into the variable '{{ esxi_hostname }}' for each of my servers. b. 1. example. blog_examples. I can handle the querying of vSphere for a list of hosts, as well as constructing the JSON that is compatible with what Ansible is expecting. The username and password are "admin" and "admin". In this article, we will creating custom dynamic inventory from MySQL database with Ansible using Python script. 0. Ansible will help you automate your VMware infrastructure and accelerate the process from development to production. plugin: vmware_vm_inventory strict: False hostname: < hostname > username: < username > password: < password > validate_certs: False with_tags: True Playbook I've read lots of Ansible documentation on the modules and plugins for VMWare, but I still can't find a way to do what I think should be relatively simple. Now look at the following Vagrantfile which helps you create an entire Infrastructure like Application Server, Web Server, Database Server etc and all of them are going to be having the same Configuration and Base Image (OS) Examples are VMware tool and other application versions which you might want to include in your inventory system. 2, ansible_distribution_version: 6. Is VMware in the list? (Not in front of machine right now) Ansible is an open-source automation tool that can automate IT tasks such as configuration management, application deployment, interservice orchestration, and provisioning. inventory_path option by default is only scoped to apply to a single guest in the inventory file, and does not apply to all defined guests. com Ansible will accept any kind of executable file as an inventory file, so you can build your own dynamic inventory however you like, as long as you can pass it to Ansible as JSON. You can also locate these inventory files anywhere on your device, in this example the inventory file is located in the same folder as the playbook. Pyvmomiとansibleのdynamic inventory 1. Let’s consider a real world example where Ansible Tower + VMC solves these issues: A marketing team needs to launch a temporary microsite in support of an upcoming promotion. It assumes that you have no Ansible server setup, but do have a working vRealize Automation instance. com ansible Inventory scanning. Ansible Inventory Files. sh script; Setup projects and job templates on Tower; vRA procedure. ANSIBLE AUTOMATION ENGINE A Sample Ansible Playbook. vmware Collection are extremely popular. With the following contents, create the group_vars/gatewayed. However, if I then make a change to the tag value in AWS e. This means the user that executes Ansible must be logged in. vmware_vm_inventory strict: False hostname: 10. 101" } Ansible Tower offers various REST API to integrate with other tools. Step by Step Procedure: 1. The same sample inventory A in Ansible Tower is shown below with the HOSTS and GROUPS: For example, this could be an INI-like file that looks like: mail. py to ansible server. The solution to this is to enable the appropriate inventory plugin, which would be vmware_vm_inventory in this example. example. ansible tower supports a number of ‘sources’ built in as an available way to run dynamic inventory. Ansible Version – ansible 2. The best way to do this is to clone the repository using the git client. Using the above as an example, I would expect a vmware_inventory. Is this just a limitation of Pyvmomi at the moment or am I missing something here? I know that VMware deprecated custom attributes in favor of tags but that was long ago. Using Ansible can be a powerful way to maintain or deploy VMWare environments. fakename. Any problems with ansible-base will also be present in ansible-2. Initial playbook relative group_vars and host_vars; Deprecated. Further to the post Ansible & Cisco ACI I wanted to add the next basic common task which is to create a virtual machine in vSphere using Ansible. Ansible_Examples_Server Here is an example. You must have familiarity administering VMware and creating Ansible playbooks. g. 0. 31 username: administrator@vsphere. [root@node1 ~]# cat /root/myhosts node1 node2 Where we have specified two clients node1 and node2. Ansible is an IT automation tool. I'm assuming that the variables can be passed using an inventory file but I haven't found any good examples on how to do this for ESXI servers. Vagrantfile example with Multiple Virtual machines. [inventory] enable_plugins = vmware_vm_inventory Next create yml file which must be ending with . Ansible - Using YAML For Inventory April 23, 2018 1 minute read Backgroud. When dealing with a large number of hosts, it can be complex to handle this task manually. 4" demoservers Example: The Cobbler External Inventory Script ¶. Ansible inventory_hostname is one of special variables, this variable contains the name of a host as defined or configured in Ansible inventory file, which by default is /etc/ansible/hosts. 30 The above example contains host names and alias for an IP address. 4 Porting Guide. Ansible is an open source IT configuration management and automation platform. $ ansible-doc -t inventory -l advanced_host_list Parses a 'host list' with ranges amazon. py should print out something like this: I want to use the vmware_inventory. So you could do this today with PowerShell Core and PowerCLI to a vSphere platform that does not support the REST API to get an inventory output based on vSphere tags (requires port 10443/tcp open to vCenter Inventory Service). Ansible Vagrant Example - Introduction to Ansible and Vagrant. To get started, please select one of the following topics. 0. yaml it all starts with inventory. ini files and run. Absolutely unbreakable combination! Ansible uses SSH connection, so it needs to have the credentials for SSH access. This guide explains how to create Ansible playbooks and python scripts that deploy virtual appliances to a VMware vSphere server and configure ESX/ESXi hosts to mirror wire data. com Get virtual machines as inventory hosts from VMware environment. If your network devices are only accessible by IP, you must add the IP to the inventory file. Ans: We should set a ProxyCommand in the ansible_ssh_common_args inventory variable. com ansible_connection=ssh ansible_user=mdehaan As mentioned above, setting these in the inventory file is only a shorthand, and we’ll discuss how to store them in individual files in the ‘host_vars’ directory a bit inventory: inventory object with existing data and the methods to add hosts/groups/variables to inventory; loader: Ansible's DataLoader. But I saw that in your youtube video and in your example code on Github, you used the ‘commnad’ sequence to push the NFS LIF into ONTAP. To list all the managed hosts, specify ‘all’ keyword in place of host pattern in the ansible command, example is shown below Requires RHEL/CENTOS7 with SE Linux Enabled in Passive mode. vmware since they are based upon VMware vSphere REST API interface and not relying on any third party libraries such as Pyvmomi and vSphere Automation SDK for Learn different ways to use variables in ansible playbook. cfg has the yaml inventory plugin enabled. Information about VMware Tools and about the virtual machine from the perspective of VMware Tools. requestedBy} project: ${env. Please see the Ansible docs. An example of how to deploy an application with this deployment architecture using Cloud Assembly is described 00:26:47 - Use ansible-inventory CLI 00:33:44 - Python dynamic inventory example 00:38:30 - Using inventory plugins 00:41:04 - AWS inventory plugin demo 00:48:32 - Dynamic inventory in Ansible Tower 00:55:20 - More advanced inventory examples 00:58:58 - Answering live chat questions 01:02:06 - Outtro. Install and license the module, then three Tower catalog items will appear. Ansible sudo or ansible become is used to run a task as a privileged user like root or some other user. – β. Inventory contains a list of hostname or IP addresses and follows INI format. The Xcode installation requires a UI session. You can also sponsor me by getting a Digital Ocean VPS. Most videos are about how to do configuration and manage VMWare componenrs using Ansible playbook by example. ansible version: 1. These are optional key/value pairs for each host which can be used in playbooks. vmware. yml Let's say I have the following static inventory file with two groups and four hosts in it that looks like this: [testing] host1 host2 [production] host3 host4. In the case of this example, the dynamic script has been named autoInv_d42. In this post we are covering how to use ansible command module for various real-time. 3 ansible_ssh_port=22 The scope of devices is determined by what is called an Ansible inventory file; the inventory could have one device or a thousand devices. For an example, By looking […] Creating and maintaining an inventory file is one of the common tasks we have to deal with when working with Ansible. As I have been working on a nice little project of mine (More on that in the near future) I came across the need to take my hosts inventory INI file and get it into a usable yaml file. yml: plugin: vmware_vm_inventory strict: False hostname: 10. Also requires internet access to download the playbook and binaries. If we go back to our groups inside the Dynamic Inventory, we see a new one, created automatically based on our new tag, _managed_operating_system_windows: If we edit that new group, we see that we can set variables at the group level: There are a few things going on here but the important line is line 2: ansible_connection We will create a smart inventory that contains only Red Hat hosts. Is there a dynamic inventory for VMware in Ansible? 1. Using Ansible and Windows ¶. Configuration example: custom_configuration_parameters { ansible_group = "api-gateway" ansible_user = "ansible" ansible_host = "192. org copy vmware_inventory. Ansible is often used to manage Linux-nodes, but Windows is also supported. Ansible playbooks are lists of tasks that automatically execute against hosts. yml Sample playbook Ansible run: Using the templates shown above, you can easily run a playbook against your web servers using the following Ansible command: ansible-playbook -i inventory. Exposure to this sensitive data can lead to a security breach in the infrastructure environment. homelab. For each managed host, you can assign variables that can be used by the playbook while executing tasks on that particular host. 0 and vSphere 6. Is there a dynamic inventory for VMware in Ansible? There are two in the official Ansible repository: vmware. development playbook. Understanding Inventory An example Ansible Playbook. vSphere 6. I suggest to use Ansible from the github repository to be able to use the most recent modules from the repository as there is a lot of work in progress on the VMware related modules: Both the Fedora package and the vendor’s package build script rely on “setup. The VMware NSX-T Ansible modules are not yet part of the core Ansible modules so we will need to download these from the git repository for the project. tower-cli is one of the methods to update/import inventory on ansible tower but at the time of writing this article, tower-cli is not supported by Red Hat. εηοιτ. In Ansible, Setting up inventory is one of the most important tasks. 2. You can specify individual managed hosts or create a group of hosts in the inventory file. It creates the gpadmin user, installs the Greenplum Database software release, sets the owner and group of the installed software to gpadmin , and sets the Pam security limits for the gpadmin user. This course has 11 sections, 45 lectures, and 5. I understand how to do that with a static inventory in yaml or INI format, but I'm lost when trying it using a dynamic inventory--specifically, VMWare dynamic inventory - vmware_inventory. It does so by choosing segments of frameworks recorded in Ansible’s stock, which defaults to being spared in the area and etc/ansible/hosts. These scenarios teach you how to accomplish common VMware tasks using Ansible. For powered on machines, this is current information. Edit the ansible. You can indicate an alternate stock document utilizing the – i <path> choice on the order line. Create an ini type Ansible inventory file /home/thor/playbook/inventory on jump host. admin_username}" } } Terraform State One of the more-or-less unique parts of Terraform as an operations tool is the way it maintains state, and then applies changes only if it needs them. This is A Beginner article for both Ansible and Vagrant. The documentation I referenced does not include examples that filter hosts. tower-cli is one of the methods to update/import inventory on ansible tower but at the time of writing this article, tower-cli is not supported by Red […] Introduction Ansible is a system of configuration management written in Python programming language which uses a declarative markup language to describe configurations. 168. enable_plugins = yaml. Type: ansible windows -m setup to retrieve a complete configuration of Ansible environmental settings. limit = "all". Each module within an Ansible playbook performs a specific task. Inject playbook facts The goal in this example is to deploy a CentOS server from vRealize Automation and then have Ansible configure Apache and deploy a web page. know the differences of become and become_user and where to use it. example. yml -s web. ansible command examples, ansible command module introduction and examples. medium. Using ask-vault-pass, while running some Ansible operation, like listing all hosts in the mentioned inventory file. cfg [inventory] enable_plugins = vmware_vm_inventory something. These files can contain sensitive data like Usernames, Passwords, Port Numbers. ini and vmware_inventory. com" vars { ansible_user = "${var. This provides the fundemental knowledge to create network related configurations in Cisco ACI and to create VM’s in vSphere leading to a scripting a full deployment of a network and server inventory_path (string) - The path to an Ansible inventory resource (e. I need to run a playbook against 2 hosts. 31 username: administrator@vsphere. I'll create a YAML file, called "creds. This would have a few benefits: Connection information is stored in the inventory (cleaner) Modules no longer require repeated connecti The VMware Ansible modules as part of the current community. How to create snapshots with Ansible (VMware) Posted by: admin | on May 25, 2021 Okay, so lots of folks ask me about this, and there are a number of ways you can do this. ini) for usage details. yml -i hosts-2. The Ansible inventory file defines the hosts and groups of hosts upon which commands, modules, and tasks in a playbook operate. 30 using Ansible variable ‘ansible_host’. To execute it all, we’ll use the ansible-playbook command: ansible-playbook deploy-webserver. Ansible environment install Ansible Tower, SSH config, user accounts, etc Code Server Configure in-browser text editor and terminal DNS Configure DNS names for all control nodes Login Website Dynamically create login webpage for students Manage Instructor Inventory Provide inventory and login information and master key Log Information Record »Ansible Provisioner. py shows a sample inventory “A” with variables at the inventory, group and host levels. 9 and my end goal is to create a snapshot of all running vm's with the tag test. […] Here’s the workflow for my example: I’ll quickly step through it here. This is A Beginner article for both Ansible and Vagrant. To allow access to all available machines in the inventory, it is necessary to set ansible. To get started, please select the task you want to accomplish. Once an inventory plugin succeeds at parsing a source, any remaining inventory plugins will be skipped for that source. how to use sudo in ansible and switch user ansible documentation: When Condition. When using Ansible to manage Windows, many of the syntax and rules that apply for Unix/Linux hosts also apply to Windows, but there are still some differences when it comes to components like path separators and OS-specific tasks. For connecting to the relevant host, arguments defined in this variable are added to scp/ssh/sftp command line. So, we must have some […] [targets] localhost ansible_connection=local other1. Next, we need an inventory file. 7 where the VMware dynamic inventory module didn't properly build the per-VM metadata, including the IP. Now you should be able to sync your new inventory. 8). vmware. A lot has changed since then with VMware support, including a whole bunch of new modules for managing the VMware infrastructure itself. 168. example. vmware. The original script vmware_inventory. In this article, we are going to see how to use Vagrant to create a development of Virtual machines and start practising Ansible. It uses human-readable YAML templates so users can program repetitive tasks to happen automatically without having to learn an advanced programming language. Additionally, I have two Windows 2016 VMs. ansible-playbook -i inventory/dyn. 52. yaml. Let there be light. 5 (edit: first thought it was introduced with 6. yml with the needed variables - as far as i can tell, this vmware_vm_inventory. If you are interested about what inventory plugins are or why you might want to use them. 223. ISSUE TYPE New Module Pull Request COMPONENT NAME vmware_moid Ansible Inventory: Ansible functions over numerous frameworks in your foundation simultaneously. playbook_dir contains the playbook base directory. The file can be in one of many formats depending on your Ansible environment and plugins. c. co. ansible_distribution:RedHat My new smart inventory, Red Hat Autobots, contains 2 hosts (see below image). yaml plugin: vmware_vm_inventory strict: False hostname: vc. Examples of Ansible Dynamic Inventory. I copied the vendor sample but no luck, variables do not show up in inventory host vars. I don't want to use it in templates. cfg file. Clone specification with vmware_guest module; Run an Ansible playbook on inventory; Idempotency; Ansible installation. EXPECTED RESULTS I expected the ansible server to ping all hosts running in VCenter. path: string with inventory source (this is usually a path, but is not required) You can tell Ansible to look for the inventory file in any directory or in the current directory (as the example above). yml --graph Hope that helps and isn't too complicated. Tower provides aliases for the top-level keys, but lower case keys in nested properties have been discontinued. Ansible Vagrant Example - Introduction to Ansible and Vagrant. com is an alias set for an host with an IP 192. It is an unsafe wildcard that can be used to pass additional SSH settings to Ansible via ANSIBLE_SSH_ARGS environment variable, overriding any other SSH arguments (e. For example, to add additional name servers, we can use the below command. I’m using vSphere, which is currently not supported by Ansible OSS, and so I need to write such a "custom inventory plugin". d. For Ansible, I’m using AWX deployed in containers based from the example documented here. I will try to focus on some of them in this blog. We then have role_path which will return the current role’s pathname (since 1. There is a default Ansible host file which can by found in /etc/ansible (along with the default anisible conf file, and default roles). Automation happens when one person meets a problem they never want to solve again . One or more Ansible tasks can be combined to make a play. com [webservers] foo. py - a new one based on pyvmomi; Refer to the code and the configuration files (vmware. example. Another advantage using the module is the ability to add resources in a workflow. This is A Beginner article for both Ansible and Vagrant. The Ansible integration will not validate the hostVariable YAML syntax in the cloud template, but the Ansible Control Machine will throw an when you run a playbook in the case of incorrect format or syntax. yml" and put my credentials in there. But I don't now how to > start ! I have read a lot of examples but I didn't found any example to > manipulate a bulk of virtual machines. There are two groups, named group1 and group2 each containing host1 and host2 respectively. Recommend updating to the latest Ansible 2. Ansible Core v2. 8. In the earlier versions of ansible there is an option named as sudo which is deprecated now, Since ansible… On to Ansible Tower. But i cant seem to access variables other than name. 0) enabled using env VMWARE_INCLUDE_TAGS or config include_tags hosts get a dict of tags name with tag values as array hosts get grouped by tags prefixed by vmware_tag_ SUMMARY Tags were added in vSphere 6 and may replace custom fields in the near future This PR tries to implement a way of collecting those tags and VMware Guide¶ Welcome to the Ansible for VMware Guide! The purpose of this guide is to teach you everything you need to know about using Ansible with VMware. For a list of valid and supported properties starting with Ansible 2. The Overflow Blog Podcast 341: Blocking the haters as a service Let’s explorer that how to create A records in DNS using Ansible Playbook. Example:1 List all the manage host. py install” to install the majority of packaged files, and Ansible’s setup. 7 which includes the json library required for full functionality of Ansible. web1 ansible_host=web1. Also make sure to enable vmware inventory plugin in ansible. 0. When it comes to simplicity, Ansible is rapidly rising to the top in the world of automation tools. Two or more plays can be combined to create an Ansible playbook. For example, if this is a Linux server, I’ll want to connect to it using SSH. Type: ansible windows -c ipconfig; If this command is successful, the next steps will be to build Ansible playbooks to manage Windows Clone the Ansible-dellos-examples repository in the control machine. ini configuration I see the following line: Ansible Vagrant Example - Introduction to Ansible and Vagrant. Example: The Cobbler External Inventory Script ¶. pharriso. I would … All the Ansible playbook script can be downloaded from the github repo, so you can reproduce and practice Ansible automation easily. ansible-inventory -i /path/to/vmware. Use the when condition to control whether a task or role runs or is skipped. Very easy to use and great for those who doesn’t like PowerShell scripting with PowerCli. After reading this article, you will be able to add hosts, add host groups, add global facts, add group facts, and add host facts in your inventory file in JSON format. VMware’s NSX-T Ansible modules use OVFTool to interact with vCenter Server to deploy the NSX Manager VMs. 自己紹介 河野健太朗(@kawken) シナジーマーケティング(株) 仕事 o WEBアプリ開発 SIのお仕事 Ruby on Rails を主に使ってる o 開発環境の改善 レガシーな環境をモダンにするような活動 社内の開発用サーバ管理 Also available, inventory_dir is the pathname of the directory holding Ansible’s inventory host file, inventory_file is the pathname and the filename pointing to the Ansible’s inventory host file. local password Ansible will read all the files in these directories in lexicographical order. 4, Ansible has inventory plugins to make this flexible and customizable. inventory_hostname would indeed have yield me foo. Ansible will help you automate your VMware infrastructure and accelerate the process from development to production. See full list on thinkingoutcloud. 65. The first item we need to run is the Add Ansible Tower Endpoint. 3. Github repository Official Website. However, my Vsphere cluster has many hosts running on it which I do not with to have included in the inventory, or manage with Ansible. In order to create your Ansible groups based on vmware tags you need to create a inventory file and name it to something. You can configure inventory to be static or dynamic; in this tutorial, we will be configuring static inventory. com three. org, but here I am using ansible_hostname, which is, for my host, 8088bc73d8cf. ansible vmware inventory example

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